Anti- Human Trafficking Pilot Project
Background of the AHT Pilot:
Trafficking as a phenomenon is of an extremely complex and clandestine nature and hence there can at best be varying estimates on the number of victims of trafficking. According to a study by NGO Pragati, in collaboration with NAWO, covering 263 villages in 76 GPs in 11 blocks, it was found that on a rough estimate, 27.28% of the sample of rural Sundargarh girls/ women in their adolescence and youth had been victims of trafficking. Of the 11 blocks covered in the study, Balisankara constituted the maximum percentage (21.1%) of trafficked victims followed by Subdega, Lephripara, and Kutra. The age groups of 14- 18 years and 19- 25 years were found to be the most vulnerable to trafficking. Close to 40% of the victims of trafficking in these age groups were found to have never returned home. Balisankara again constituted the highest percentage of ‘never returned’ victims. Relatives and neighbours were found to be the primary culprits. Moreover, the said age groups comprised the most number of victims declared missing. Of the girls/ women/ families interviewed, it was found that the treatment meted out to the victims included sexual abuse, regular direct as well as indirect violence and physical abuse. In the midst of this all, it was found that only 38 cases had been registered against the traffickers in the study sample, and only 1 trafficker had been punished.
As per recent NMMU guidelines, it has been decided that the National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) shall undertake pilots in the area of prevention of human trafficking of women and children and rehabilitation of victim. The selection of district for the AHT pilot is to be made from among intensive districts under NRLM, especially those that have high out- migration or which are known to be feeder districts for trafficking in persons. Based on available primary and secondary data, the district of Sundargarh has been selected to launch the AHT pilot first in Odisha. Moreover, Balisankara- Sundargarh’s resource block that also accounts for majority share of trafficked victims- has been selected forthe AHT pilot. It is envisaged that the AHT pilot will be launched and implemented in sync with OLM’s Resource Block Strategy in Balisankara. The NMMU guidelines state that the AHT pilot is to look at both Preventive and Rehabilitative Interventions.
1.Prevention of human trafficking of women and children and rehabilitation of survivors/ victims of Human Trafficking.
2.Creation of empowered community- based organizations of poor women who will not only effectively access financial resources and converge government schemes for livelihood enhancement and poverty alleviation and to take on socio- economic issues, especially those dealing with gender equity.
Coverage Balisankara, Kinjirkela, Birkaldihi and Rampur.
Activities done till date:
•Gender CRP’s were identified in all the four GP’s and trained under the project.
•Technical Support from the Technical Support Agency SEWAK for three months. Technical support on following areas:
a)Creating Database of households prone to distress migration
b)Community level awareness generation through Street Play
c)Providing training to the CBOs/PRIs towards building Community Vigilant Groups
d)Providing training to gender CRPs about their roles and responsibilities.
e)Developing a Monitoring and Tracking Software
f)Assisting in creating an Institutional Mechanism for Networking and Collaboration with other stakeholders
•Two Rescued female survivor of Human Trafficking from Delhi, residents of Balisankara and Rampur GP, Balisankara Block. Survivor from Balisankara is benefitted from the Ex- Gratia Amount from the OLM to run a Grocery Shop for her livelihood needs. Other rescued girl was linked with DDUGKY.
•Maintenance of Safe Migration Register in all the four GP and maintained by the four Gender CRP’s.
•Bharat Nirman Volunteers are involved to give specific attention to the At Risk HH.All the BNV’s are given specific At Risk HH to focus on.
•Counselling of youths from At Risk HH to link them with DDUGKY.Mobilisation of at risk HH for DDUGKY training by agency named: India Can and All service Global Pvt. Lmt and Lourus Edu. Tech Agency.
•Proposed 150 At Risk HH for Biju Pakka Ghar. 30 At risk HH are given preference from that for Biju Pakka Ghar Yojana.